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Second only to the provision of clean water, vaccinations have the greatest impact on the burden of infectious diseases. Vaccines stimulate the body’s own immune system to facilitate the protection against future encounters with the corresponding infection or disease. Immunization is a proven tool for controlling and eliminating life-threatening infectious diseases and is estimated to prevent up to 3 million deaths each year.

Vaccines due to their rigorous safety checks are far safer than therapeutic medicines, and most “vaccine scares” have be shown to be false; unfortunately, misguided safety concerns have led to a fall in vaccine coverage in some countries, which has in turn lead to a resurgence in some infections (for example pertussis and measles).

Eradication appears an ideal goal for immunization programmes, but to date only smallpox has been eradicated (allowing the discontinuation of routine smallpox vaccines globally). Whilst we may not be able to eradicated certain diseases globally, it is possible to eliminate them locally; this requires a communal drive to ensure all members of our community adhere to their vaccine schedules.

Vaccines offered in Gibraltar

Given at (approx.) age:
Name of Vaccine:
Protection against:
At birth
Tuberculosis (TB)
2 and 3 months
Rotavirus infection
2, 3 and 4 months
Diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio, Hib (haemophilus influenzae type b) and hepatitis B
2, 4 and 13 months
Men B
Meningitis (caused by meningococcal type B bacteria)
3 and 13 months. Also (1 dose) age 65+ years
Pneumococcal infections
13 – 15 months
Hib/Men C
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and meningitis (caused by meningococcal group C bacteria)
13 months & 3.5 years (Pre-school year)
Measles, mumps and rubella
2 – 18 years (if not receiving at school, contact Child Health team to arrange)
Flu (Children)
Seasonal influenza viruses and associated health harms (e.g. pneumonia)
3-3.5 years (Pre-school year)
4-in-1 preschool booster
Diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough and polio
12-13 years (School year 8)
Cancers caused by human papillomaviruses (HPV)
13-14 years (School year 9)
Four strains of the meningococcal bacteria (A, C, W and Y) that cause meningitis and blood poisoning (septicaemia)
ADULTS: Any who wish to partake (contact your G.P)
Flu (adults)
Seasonal influenza viruses and associated health harms (e.g. pneumonia)
ADULTS: Occupational vaccinations, those at high risk etc. are provided by special arrangement
Hep B (adults)
Hepatitis B
ADULTS: 70+ years
Shingles virus (also called Herpes Zoster)
For more information, contact the Child Health team or speak with your G.P or Nurse Practitioner [GHA Primary Care Centre Tel: 20052441]
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